A physical examination is typically used first to diagnose this condition. This can include:
- Exploring the nose, ears and throat to look for signs of infection
- Feeling the neck to see if any lymph nodes are enlarged
- Looking for a scarlatina rash
- Listening to the patient’s breathing
- Checking to see if the spleen is enlarged
To get a culture of what might be causing the infection, a throat swab is commonly used. A complete blood count might also be done. Both of these can help to determine if the cause is due to a virus or bacteria.
Treatment of Tonsillitis
Once a diagnosis has been made, the best ENT doctor in Orange County will help you to develop an appropriate treatment plan. If it is determined that bacteria are present, antibiotics are generally prescribed. One of the most common is penicillin. This is typically given for about 10 days. If the patient has an allergy to penicillin, there are alternative drugs that can be considered.
At home, there are several ways to help make the patient more comfortable while they are recovering:
- Warm liquids and cold, soft foods
- Humidify the air
- Avoid irritants
- Treat fever and pain
- Get sufficient fluids
- Saltwater gargle
- Lozenges for a sore throat
In more severe cases or for patients who have recurrent tonsillitis, surgery might be recommended. For this procedure, the tonsils are removed.
Due to the issues that can occur with tonsillitis, if you or your child has symptoms, you should visit the best ENT doctor in Orange County for a thorough evaluation.