NODULES

Vocal fold nodules are calluses that occur on the vocal folds from overuse and misuse. Nodules are benign growths which are often seen in young children who speak loudly

Causes of vocal fold nodules include:

  • Chronic voice overuse
  • Voice misuse

Symptoms of nodules include:

  • Hoarseness
  • Rough voice
  • Vocal fatigue, or tiring, with overuse

Diagnosis:
Diagnosis of nodules is made during laryngoscopy and stroboscopy.

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Nodules are seen in the midportion of the vocal folds, and are typically located on both vocal folds. When large enough nodules prevent closure of the vocal folds, causing air escape during voice production.

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Treatment for Nodules:
Vocal fold nodules are most commonly treated with voice therapy. During voice therapy a speech language pathologist teaches a patient how to enhance vocal fold function and avoid behaviors that can cause nodules.

Surgery is not commonly used in management of nodules. Often when nodules are removed, they return if patients continue with the same vocal habits.

However, when the diagnosis is in question, microlaryngoscopy may be performed. Under general anesthesia, the surgeon can examine the vocal folds using a microscope. In special circumstance nodules may be removed with fine instruments. Steroid injections may be used to decrease inflammation for nodules as well.

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Throatdisorder.com is an online resource for patients and physicians to learn more about common voice, swallowing, breathing and throat disorders. Throat complaints, from cough to cancer, are a common reason for patients to seek medical treatment. This website developed as a result of Dr. Sunil Verma's passions: that of education, patient care, and interest in technology.

NOTE : The information presented on this site is for educational purposes only, and is not intended to replace consultation with a qualified physician. It may not be appropriate to your individual case, and should not be used in making treatment decisions, especially with regard to medication. Considerable effort is made to ensure that the information on this site is accurate, but medicine is a changing field, and this website is not responsible for errors or omissions. Use of this website acknowledges the above.

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